FileVault – an encryption program for Mac, used to save your data if your mac is ever stolen or misplaced, through encrypting hard disk. So, a misplaced Mac is not something to worry about. FileVault is whole-disk encryption which secures Mac by encrypting all the data at rest on its hard drive.
But for those who are not familiar with the FileVault encryption, this article will help them understanding it.
What is FileVault Encryption Mac?
Filevault is a term used for disk encryption specified for Mac. It was introduced with Mac OS X Panther (10.3) and since OS X 10.7 “Lion” is launched, it’s been in the current incarnation. Using XTS-AES 128 block cipher technology, FileVault secures your Mac’s hard disk. Whenever your Mac is started, you are required to put the password if FileVault is opened. Without entering the required password, the data is not recognized.
At the time of FileVault disk encryption, a password and a recovery key are given to enter in your Mac. Without this password, nobody could access the original data from the drive, even you yourself couldn’t reach the data.
However, the recent versions of OS X have given the users an opportunity to access their data using the iCloud account.
So, if you are concerned about your private data FileVault encryption provides you the secure way to protect data if your Mac is lost or stolen. Another great cause for which apple also recommends using FileVault is the opportunity of deleting data securely from Mac equipped with SSD whenever you stop using it.
Should I use FileVault?
When you are connected to a computer or accessing data through we browsing, FileVault Mac encryption provides you the secure feeling, protecting your data from vicious intrusion.
The concept that Filevault encryption in Mac requires a password that requires memorization to get to the drive, makes computer processing more complex. So if you are not good at remembering passwords or you don’t want to bother, consider your approach whether it’s worth the effect.
Making FileVault operate faster, hardware encrypting features are incorporated in the CPU. Also, Solid State Drive (SSD) flash is used instead of spinning hard drives in newer Macs, which makes a difference in performance too. These are the reasons for which apple turned to make Filevault on by default instead of keeping it off.
If you are still using Mac with a hard drive, you will find a huge difference in FileVault-encrypted Mac and the older one. But before turning on FileVault make sure that your Mac is up to the mark.
Before using FileVault encryption in Mac?
There are certain warnings you should keep in mind before going to FileVault encryption for your Mac.
You should always be aware of the fact that the initial encryption and decryption process will take time. However, you would be able to use you, Mac, while FileVault is setting up, as the encrypting process is done in the background. Therefore Mac users have to put their laptops plugged in and running while the FileVault encrypting process is complete.
Secondly, it is observed that a FileVault with the regular hard drive is more challenging as compared to FileVault with flash-based storage. So, if your older Mac has still equipped with a spinning drive, you might want to upgrade your Filevault.
Furthermore, FileVault-encrypted Mac requires a password, so make sure you secure it which gives you access your data and without that encrypted key, your password would be lost and unreachable. But if you are using OS X 10.10 “Yosemite” or later, you have a chance to recover data by inserting your iCloud account information at the time of need.
Lastly, you need to know is that FileVault is whole-disk encryption which enables users individually so they can unlock the disk by entering their password.
How To Turn ON FileVault Encryption In Mac?
Now if you are thinking to get FileVault for disk encryption, you can follow certain steps to get it.
- Click on the menu.
- Click on System Preferences.
3. Click on Security & Privacy.
4. Click on the FileVault tab.
5. Click the lock in the lower right-hand corner.
6.Enter your administrator password.
7.Click the Unlock button.
8. Click the Turn On FileVault button
9. If you want to reset your password or unlock your disk, Apple connects your FileVault with your iCloud account. Another option FileVault gives you is the recovery key which you have to keep safe in case, anything goes wrong with the password. Choose an option then click the Continue button.
10. Click the Restart button to restart your Mac and begin the FileVault encryption process. Due to rewriting drive’s contacts by your computer, the process will take a little while. The Mac will continue operating while it’s going on.
FileVault is setup, what now?
After FileVault encrypts your Mac’s hard disk, you need to enter a password every time you start up your Mac. However, FileVault requires a password to decrypt the drive, so if you have customized it to automatic login for a specific user or administrator account, it will not require a password.
Your Mac will run normally, once the password is entered except the thing that any data when written to the primary storage system (its internal SSD or hard drive) of Mac, data will be encrypted and decrypted on the fly. However, other processes like copying information over the network, uploading files to the Internet, or transferring files to external devices like USB thumb drives, external hard disk drives, or NAS devices, would remain the same.
Providing with the security features none other technology could provide, FileVault encryption for Mac fits most accurately to your search for smooth and easy to use whole disk encryption.
The data on your hard drive is safely encrypted on Mac using FileVault, so if your Mac is lost or stolen you have nothing to worry about your data safety.
Just the thing you have to make sure is prepare for the unexpected and always backup your Mac before activating FileVault disk encryption.